Attorney General of Texas — Opinion.
September 18, 1979
MARK WHITE, Attorney General of Texas
Honorable Gibson D. (Gib) Lewis Chairman, Committee on Intergovernmental Affairs House of Representatives Capitol Station 2910 Austin, Texas 78769
Re: Effect of a proposed charter amendment which would inhibit the taxing authority of the City of Fort Worth.
Dear Representative Lewis:
You have requested our opinion regarding the effect of a proposed amendment to the Charter of the City of Fort Worth. The proposed amendment, which may be submitted to the voters at the general election to be held on November 6, 1979, provides:
The ad valorem tax rate of the City of Fort Worth shall be divided into two separate and distinct tax rates; those being described and named Bond Rate and General Fund Rate. Further, that the Bond Rate shall be set for the Fiscal Year of 1979-1980 at that rate which shall provide for the retirement of legal bond payments as prescribed for that fiscal year, and no more, and that subsequent year’s rates be set accordingly. Further, that the General Fund be set for the fiscal year 1979-80 at the rate which shall produce $26 Million Dollars revenue, with no provision for delinquency or uncollectables, and that in subsequent years, shall be set at that rate which will produce a growth rate in Ad Valorem taxes not to exceed 5% of the previous year’s revenue from Ad Valorem Taxes.
At present, the city charter requires that the tax rate be set by the City Council prior to October 1 of each year. You state that the adoption of the amendment would require that the 1979-80 rate be set at an amount substantially lower than that which will be set by the Council prior to October 1. You ask therefore whether the amendment may lawfully be applied to the 1979-80 tax rate.
The question presented here is in many respects similar to that considered in Attorney General Opinion MW-4 (1979). In that opinion, we held that legislation implementing a constitutionally derived tax exemption could not be applied to tax liabilities which had become `fixed by levy and assessment’ as of the statute’s effective date. We relied in part on article III, section 55 of the Texas Constitution:
The Legislature shall have no power to release or extinguish, or to authorize the releasing or extinguishing, in whole or in part, the indebtedness, liability or obligation of any corporation or individual, to this State or to any county or defined subdivision thereof, or other municipal corporation therein, except delinquent taxes which have been due for a period of at least ten years.
Under the circumstances you have described, adoption of the charter amendment would extinguish, in part, the liability of individuals to a political subdivision of the state. Since a home rule city may exercise only those powers which the legislature itself could have exercised, it follows that a city may not act to `authorize the releasing or extinguishing,’ in part, of the liability of individuals to the City of Fort Worth.
Under the terms prescribed in Attorney General Opinion MW-4
(1979), a `taxpayer’s liability is fixed when these two requirements are met: the assessment has been made and there has been a legal levy.’ See Crocker v. Santo Consolidated I.S.D., 116 S.W.2d 750 (Tex.Civ.App.-Eastland 1938, writ dism’d). `Levy’ refers to the City Council’s act in imposing the tax and fixing the rate, Clegg v. State, 42 Tex. 605, 610-11 (1875), while `assessment’ describes `the administrative process of applying the tax rate to an individual’s property and thereby determining the amount he owes.’ Attorney General Opinion MW-4 (1979). According to the present requirements of the Fort Worth City Charter, the tax rate must be levied prior to October 1. Since assessments will also have been made prior to the date of the charter amendment election, the amendment may not constitutionally affect the 1979-80 tax rate. Such a construction would not render the amendment totally ineffective, however, since it also includes a valid provision limiting the annual growth rate in ad valorem taxes to `5% of the previous year’s revenue from Ad Valorem Taxes.’
Since the tax rate is levied and assessments are made prior to the election of November 6, 1979, a proposed amendment to the Charter of the City of Fort Worth adopted that date will be ineffective to affect the 1979-80 tax rate. The amendment would, however, limit future taxes to a rate which would produce a growth of not more than five percent of the previous year’s revenue from ad valorem taxation.
Very truly yours,
Mark White Attorney General of Texas
John W. Fainter, Jr. First Assistant Attorney General
Ted L. Hartley Executive Assistant Attorney General
Prepared by Rick Gilpin Assistant Attorney General